Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE)

Establishing a Long Term System
for Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE)

5. References

Burn, R.W. 1998. Selection of a representative sample of sites, background paper to AfESG, July 1998, Statistical Services Centre, University of Reading.

CITES. 1998. Decisions of the Conference of the Parties Relating to Elephants. Notification 1998/09. Results of the discussions at 40th Meeting of the Standing Committee, London, 3-6 March 1998.

Cochran, W.G. 1977. Sampling Techniques (Third Edition), Wiley, New York.

Dawson, S. and Dekker, A.J.M. 1991. Methods for counting Asian elephants in forests: a field techniques manual. FAO. Bangkok.

IUCN/SSC and TRAFFIC. 1998. Monitoring of trade in elephant products and illegal killing of elephants, Workshop report, Nairobi, 8 - 12 December 1997.

IUCN/SSC and TRAFFIC. 1998. Monitoring systems for the illegal killing of elephants and trade in ivory and other elephant products. A report to the 40th Meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, March 1998 (Doc.SC.40.5.2.6).

IUCN/SSC/African Elephant Specialist Group. 1998. Review of African Elephant Conservation Priorities, Edited by C.R. Thouless.

Kangwana, K. (Ed.). 1996. Studying Elephants, Technical Handbook Series No. 7, African Wildlife Foundation.

Karanth, K.U. and M.E. Sunquist 1992. Population structure, density and biomass of large herbivores in the tropical forests of Nagarahole. J. Trop. Ecol. 8: 21-35.

Norton-Griffiths, M. 1978. Counting Animals, Handbooks on techniques currently used in African wildlife ecology. No.1, African Wildlife Leadership Foundation.

Said, M.Y., Chunge, R.N., Craig, G.C., Thouless, C.R., Barnes, R.F.W., and H.T. Dublin. 1996. African Elephant Database: 1995 IUCN/SSC Occasional Paper No. 11. IUCN/UNEP.

Varman, K. S., and R. Sukumar. 1995. The line transect method for estimating densities of large mammals in a tropical deciduous forest: An evaluation of models and field experiments. J. Biosci. 20: 273-285.

Varman, K. S., Ramakrishnan, U. and R. Sukumar. 1995. Direct and indirect methods of counting elephants: A comparison of results from Mudumalai sanctuary. In: A week with elephants. Eds. J.C. Daniel and H. Datye. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay and Oxford University Press, New Delhi. Pp331-339.

Annex 1 Relevant Decisions and Resolutions from CITES COP 10
4. Costing