Which sharks and rays were listed at CoP16?


Five shark species and all manta rays were included in Appendix II at CoP16 in 2013. They joined other sharks and sawfishes (elasmobranchs) that had already been included in the CITES Appendices over the past decade.

See also other sharks and rays included in the CITES Appendices.


Oceanic whitetip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus)

Oceanic whitetip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus)

Oceanic-epipelagic and occasionally coastal, tropical and warm-temperate shark that is found worldwide. Maximum length of 350-395 cm, but most are < 300 cm.

Fins are in demand and of high value on the international market.

more details in the CITES Species Checklist


Porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus)

A wide-ranging, coastal and oceanic shark, and one of the few truly high-latitude sharks that is often encountered in Arctic and Antarctic waters. Maximum reported length is 355 cm.

The meat and, to a lesser extent, the fins are in demand and of high value on the international market.

more details in the CITES Species Checklist


Scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini), great hammerhead shark(Sphyrna mokarran), smooth hammerhead shark(Sphyrna zygaena)

Mostly coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Found around the globe in coastal warm temperate and tropical seas. The scalloped hammerhead reaches a maximum length of ~370 cm, while the great hammerhead can reach > 600 cm. The smooth hammerhead is the most cool-water-tolerant member of the family, and is found inshore and in shallow waters. Maximum total length < 400 cm.

The fins of these three hammerhead sharks are highly valued in international trade while the meat is mainly consumed locally.

Great hammerhead shark (Sphyrna mokarran) and smooth hammerhead shark (Sphyrna zygaena) were included in Appendix II for look-alike reasons.

Scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini)

 

more details in the CITES Species Checklist


Great hammerhead shark (Sphyrna mokarran)

more details in the CITES Species Checklist


Smooth hammerhead shark (Sphyrna zygaena)

more details in the CITES Species Checklist



Manta rays (Manta spp.)

Distributed in most tropical and subtropical seas and sometimes in temperate waters. The giant manta reaches a maximum disc width of > 700 cm but most  average ~450 cm. The reef manta grows to an averages 400 cm.

Skin, cartilage and gill rakers are the main products in international trade.

more details in the CITES Checklist