Secretariat

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)
 
Directed to the Secretariat
16.109 Subject to external funding, the Secretariat shall contract independent consultants to undertake a study, taking into account the findings of the Cancún workshop on non-detriment findings and other pertinent sources of information, to identify and discuss factors that are of particular relevance to make non-detriment findings for tortoises and freshwater turtles. These factors should include, but not be limited to, tortoise and turtle population status and dynamics, trade dynamics, production systems, and trade in parts and derivatives. This study should provide guidance to make non-detriment findings for tortoises and freshwater turtles.
 

 

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Directed to the Secretariat

16.110 The Secretariat shall make the results of the study referred to in Decision 16.109 available to the Animals Committee for consideration, if possible, at its 27th meeting.

 

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

 

Directed to Secretariat
16.116

The Secretariat shall invite Parties to provide the information specified in Decisions 16.114 and 16.115, consider the information submitted under Decision 16.113, and report on its evaluation of the data received to the Standing Committee for its next regular meeting, and make recommendations for the implementation and enforcement of the Convention.

 

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

 

Directed to the Secretariat
16.119

The Secretariat shall:

  a)  forward the reports provided pursuant to Decision 16.118 to the Standing Committee, making any recommendations it deems appropriate;
  b)  seek funding to establish and convene a CITES Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles Task Force, which should undertake an exchange of intelligence and develop strategies to combat illegal trade. The members of the Task Force could include ASEAN Wildlife Enforcement Network, the members of the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime, and those Parties in Asia that are most affected by the illegal trade in tortoises and freshwater turtles and their parts and derivatives; and
  c)  report on the work of the Task Force at the 65th or 66th meeting of the Standing Committee and make any recommendations it deems appropriate.

 

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)

 

Directed to the Secretariat
16.122 The Secretariat shall:
  a)  recognizing the ongoing prevalence of an illegal trade in live tortoises and freshwater turtles for the medicinal, food, and pet trades which is threatening the survival of some species in the wild and impacting the integrity of the Convention, seek external funding and, subject to its availability, hire a consultant to analyse reported data, identify species prevalent in illegal trade, and document illegal trade incidents, trade routes (including the Internet-based trade), methods of concealment, and other aspects relevant to enforcing CITES provisions concerning trade in tortoises and freshwater turtles;
  b)  subject to external funding, contract a consultant to identify and evaluate tortoises and freshwater turtle identification and capacity-building materials, and assist with developing additional materials as deemed necessary, including the preparation and distribution of multilingual [Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Malaysia (Melayu), Bengali, Burmese, Chinese, English, Hindi, Khmer, Lao, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese and other languages as appropriate] identification materials focused on the shells and shell pieces of Asian tortoises and freshwater and terrestrial turtles; and
  c)  report on progress on Decision 16.121, paragraph b), and paragraphs a) and b) above, including its recommendations, at the 65th and 66th meetings of the Standing Committee.

 

Snake trade and conservation management (Serpentes spp.)

Snake trade and conservation management (Serpentes spp.)

 

Directed to the Secretariat
16.102 The CITES Secretariat shall, where appropriate in consultation with the Standing Committee:
  a)  subject to external funding, hire independent consultants in liaison with local scientists, and local research and academic institutions to:
  i)  undertake a study of production systems for Asian snakes listed in CITES Appendix II and the use of source codes; and develop guidance to assist Parties in monitoring and controlling captive-breeding operations and other production systems, including information to assess their biological feasibility and, where possible, economic viability (i.e. whether it is financially viable for commercial facilities to produce and export specimens as permitted by national authorities);
  ii)  compile information and develop guidance that can assist Parties in the making of non-detriment findings, management systems for wild populations and the establishment of export quotas for Appendix-II snake species in trade, by undertaking relevant research, consulting with relevant experts, examining suitable examples and case-studies, and building on the results of the International Expert Workshop on CITES Non-Detriment Findings (Cancún, 2008) and recommendations on the making of non-detriment findings from the Conference of the Parties;
  iii)  undertake a study of one or more high-value snake species in the pet trade (e.g. unique colour or morphological forms, or range-restricted endemics) to determine the impacts on wild populations of legal and illegal harvest for international trade, and to provide information required for making non-detriment findings for trade in these species; and propose actions to enforce the Convention as it relates to trade in these species; and
  iv)  undertake a study on methodologies to differentiate between wild and captive-bred CITES-listed snakes in trade, including parts and derivatives, ensuring that the work is carried out in line with recommendations of the Standing Committee concerning source;
  b)  issue a Notification to the Parties encouraging Parties to engage with interested institutions to investigate the possibility of forensic identification of specimens of CITES-listed snakes in trade, and requesting Parties to inform the Secretariat about the results of such engagement;
  c)  inform Parties of the results of the International Trade Centre (ITC) study on trade in python snakes in Asia, the UNCTAD Biotrade Initiative’s Working Group on reptile skin sourcing, when these become available, and other relevant studies and information;
  d)  present the outcomes of the activities mentioned in paragraphs a) and b) above, together with its recommendations, to the Animals Committee for review at its 27th or, as appropriate, 28th meeting, and make the final results available on the CITES website following review and approval by the Standing Committee pursuant to Decision 16.105;
  e)  issue a Notification to the Parties requesting Asian Parties to report on their implementation of Decision 16.106 to the Secretariat, and submit a compilation of this information and its recommendations for consideration by the Standing Committee at its 65th meeting;
  f)  subject to external funding, conduct one or more interdisciplinary workshops for CITES and other relevant authorities and stakeholders of range States of Asian snake species in international trade on:
  i)  the use of guidance for monitoring and controlling captive-breeding operations and other production systems, as agreed by the Standing Committee pursuant to Decision 16.105;
  ii)  the use of guidance for making non-detriment findings and establishing export quotas for Appendix-II snake species in trade; and
  g)  report on the results of these activities to the Standing Committee before the 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP17).

 

Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica)

Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica)

 

Directed to Secretariat
16.100 Based on information submitted by the relevant range States and consumer and trading countries, and following consultation with the CMS Secretariat, the CITES Secretariat shall report to and, as necessary, make recommendations at regular meetings of the Standing Committee regarding the implementation of:
  a)  Decision 14.91 (Rev. CoP16) regarding the implementation of the MTIWP (2011-2015) by current range States; and
  b)  Decision 16.98 regarding the implementation of the MTIWP (2011-2015) by major consumer and trading countries.

 

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

 

14.85 The Secretariat should identify cases where there has been a history of exports in excess of quotas and, as long as necessary, verify export permits issued to ensure that quotas are not exceeded.

 

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

 

14.84 The Secretariat shall seek funding for and organize workshops in West and Central Africa to assist range States in the development and implementation of regional management plans for the conservation of and trade in P. erithacus erithacus and P. erithacus timneh.

 

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

 

Directed to the Secretariat
14.83 Subject to external funding, the Secretariat shall develop regional management plans for the conservation of and trade in P. erithacus erithacus and P. erithacus timneh, in collaboration with the range States, relevant experts, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders. Issues to be addressed in these plans should include:
  a)  development of biologically sustainable national export quotas in cooperation with neighbouring range States;
  b)  development of standards for making non-detriment findings;
  c)  providing details of the control measures in place or to be implemented to verify the origin of the specimens;
  d)  cooperation on studies on the population status and demography of the species and the status of its habitat;
  e)  cooperation on long-term monitoring efforts;
  f)  actions to implement law enforcement programmes to combat poaching and illegal trade (both national and international) and report on the results of the programmes in terms of enforcement efforts, seizures and prosecutions;
  g)  agreements on reliable methodologies for assessing population status and population monitoring;
  h)  investigations of the possibility of establishing in situ captive-breeding facilities for the species;
  i)  encouragement of the participation of all range States, enforcement authorities, importing countries, experts, the NGO community and the private sector in implementing these plans; and
  j)  considering expanding the management plans to include other psittacine species in the region.

 

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