18.33 - 18.37 Livelihoods*

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18.33

Decision directed to: Parties

Parties are invited to:
a) collate or conduct new case studies, using the standard template, that demonstrate how sustainable use of CITES-listed species contributes to the livelihoods of the indigenous peoples and local communities* involved in such use, including trade, and to the conservation of the species. Include examples of facilitating such involvement by wildlife-related authorities and other stakeholders and submit them to the Secretariat;
b) engage indigenous peoples and local communities* in CITES decision-making and implementation processes at the national level to better achieve the objectives of the Convention; and
c) where appropriate, incorporate issues related to CITES implementation and livelihoods into national wildlife conservation and socio-economic development plans, as well as in relevant projects being developed for external funding, including funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) through the Global Wildlife Program.

18.34

Decision directed to: Standing Committee

The Standing Committee shall establish an intersessional working group on CITES and livelihoods, which will work in collaboration with the Secretariat to:

a) monitor the progress made by Parties in implementing Decision 18.33 to engage indigenous peoples and local communities* in CITES decision-making processes to better achieve the objectives of the Convention; and

b) review the report of the Secretariat on the progress made under Decision 18.35 and on the implementation of Resolution Conf. 16.6 (Rev. CoP18) on
CITES and livelihoods and make recommendations, as appropriate, to the 19th meeting of the Conference of the Parties.

18.35

Decision directed to: Secretariat

Subject to the availability of external financial resources, the Secretariat shall:
a) support the collation or conduct of new case studies on CITES and livelihoods as described in Decision 18.33, paragraph a), and assist Parties to present the case studies in appropriate platforms, and in formats and manners that are most effective for targeted audiences;
b) commission an independent review, with inputs of experts from different disciplines, of relevant case studies on CITES and livelihoods, both existing and new, as well as existing guidelines on sustainable use of wildlife and engagement of indigenous peoples and local communities*, to identify best practices;
c) based on the review, prepare guidance on how to maximize the benefits for indigenous peoples and local communities* of CITES implementation and trade in CITES-listed species;
d) taking into account past work on traceability reported in document CoP18 Doc. 42, explore the possibility of using registered marks of certification, existing and new, and other traceability mechanisms, for products of CITES-listed species produced by indigenous peoples and local communities* consistent with CITES provisions, in order to enhance conservation and livelihood outcomes;
e) facilitate the organization of a workshop to review the guidance developed as described in paragraph c) above, to present new case studies on CITES and livelihoods, and to facilitate the exchange of experiences in collaboration with relevant international and regional organizations;
f) organize the production of outreach materials, including publications and short videos based on the case studies, to raise awareness of and promote best practices in CITES implementation and livelihoods including its contribution to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and to share such materials on appropriate platforms, including the CITES website, social media channels, external media, and exhibitions; and
g) make efforts to establish global partnerships with relevant international and regional organizations, including conservation organizations and development agencies to work together in activities regarding CITES and livelihoods.

18.36

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The Secretariat shall report to the Standing Committee on progress made with regard to the implementation of Decision 18.35 and Resolution Conf. 16.6 (Rev. CoP18) on CITES and livelihoods.

18.37

Decision directed to: Secretariat

Subject to the availability of external financial resources, the Secretariat shall organize a joint meeting of the intersessional working group on engagement of indigenous peoples and local communities* and the intersessional working group on CITES and livelihoods to support the implementation of Decisions 18.31 and 18.34.

* For the purpose of these Decisions, “indigenous peoples and local communities” is understood to include rural communities.