Transport guidelines - PACKER'S GUIDELINES Mm/4

Mm/4 – Marine mammals – Whales, dolphins, porpoises, dugongs, manatees
1. General welfare
1.1 Animals should have priority over merchandise.
1.21 Only animals in good health should be transported.
1.31 Animals obviously in advanced stages of pregnancy or animals that have recently given birth should not be shipped. Infant animals incapable of feeding themselves should not be shipped unless prior arrangements have been made to feed the infant during transport if the travel will take longer than the infant's normal feeding period.
1.4 Sedation should be administered only in exceptional circumstances and on the advice of a person experienced in the handling and care of these animals. It should be administered only under the supervision of an authorized qualified veterinarian, and details of the sedation given should accompany the animal.
1.5 As these animals require constant attention, it would be essential that at least one trained attendant accompanies the consignment. If several animals are being transported, it would be necessary for more than one trained attendant to accompany them.
1.6 Animals should be disturbed as little as possible.
1.7 Animals that have become sick or that have been injured during transport should receive veterinary treatment as soon as possible.
1.8 The frequency and type of feeding natural to the animals should be adhered to during transport, and should be clearly specified on the labelling.
1.9 No animal should be transported with radioactive material or other substances dangerous to health.
1.10 When animals are transported in hot climates, an adequate supply of ice should be available, to ensure that the animal's temperature is maintained at an acceptably cool level.
1.11 If feasible, animals should be transported in a transverse position; if this is not practicable, then they should travel in a head-first position.
1.12 Containers should be secured to the aircraft, rail wagon, lorry or ship to avoid any possible movement, and should at all times be maintained in a horizontal position.
1.13 On no account should containers be stacked.
2. Advance arrangements for transport
2.1 All possible precautions should be taken in advance to ensure that animals are not subjected to high temperatures or to draughts. This would necessitate planning their movement with due regard to the climatic conditions natural to them, and to the conditions prevailing at their final destination, and also those that will be encountered during transport. Particular attention should be paid to the facilities at any intermediate stops at airports, etc.
2.2 When containers are to be re-used they should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before and after use.
2.3 The estimated time of arrival should be notified in advance to the consignee, and also the route of the consignment. Adequate arrangements for its prompt collection at the final destination, and for any necessary movement at transit points, should be made in advance.
2.4 Should any delay in collection be anticipated, then advance arrangements should be made for the housing and feeding of the animals.
2.5 Cash on delivery facilities should not be used.
3. Container
3.1 The container must be leakproof and should therefore be constructed of suitable corrosion proof metal, or heavy duty plastic of sufficient strength.
3.2 The container should be strong enough to house the animal and to withstand the handling involved during transport.
3.3 The container should be of sufficient width to ensure that there is adequate clearance from the animal's flippers.
3.4 The container should be open at the top.
3.5 Facilities for handling by crane or fork-lift should be provided.
4. Packing
4.1 The animal should be placed in a suitable canvas sling and lowered onto a very deep, damp foam mattress placed in the container. The foam mattress should be cut away as necessary to accommodate the animal's flippers and fins. The sling should be left loose under the animal during transport.
4.2 Water should then be added to the container so that approximately one half to two thirds of the animal is immersed. Mechanical hand-sprayer should be available for use when required.
4.3 The parts of the animal that are exposed should be covered with lanoline, or a similar ointment, care being taken to ensure that there is no obstruction to the animal's blow hole.
4.4 For short journeys involving small specimens, they may be transported in a canvas sling without a foam mattress, provided that hand sprays are available to keep the animal's skin moistened and cool.
5. Labelling and documentation
  Durable, waterproof labels should be provided as follows:
5.1 "LIVE ANIMALS – DO NOT TIP" on all sides.
5.2 "THIS WAY UP", with arrows indicating the top, on all sides.
5.3 Consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number. Box numbers should not be used as the sole address.
5.4 Detailed list of contents: number of animals; scientific name and common names used in the exporting and importing countries.
5.5 Temperature range required.
5.6 Required diet and feeding instructions.
5.7 Details of any sedation given.
5.8 Date on which animals were crated for transport.
5.9 Official stamp of carrier showing date of his receipt of consignment.
  Durable, waterproof means of containing the following documents and other essential information should be firmly attached to the container:
5.10 Duplicate of consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number.
5.11 Duplicate list of contents as in 5.4.
5.12 Copies of relevant export and import licences.
5.13 Copy of valid health certificate issued in accordance with the requirements of the importing country.
5.14 Duplicate information regarding temperature range and feeding.
5.15 Duplicate information regarding any sedation given.
1 Exceptional circumstances may arise which justify departure from this recommendation.